Impaired Driving Resources
This injury fact sheet on alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes provides important information…
Alcohol Misuse + Driving = Crashes
Scope of the problem: Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes
- 16,885 deaths (39%) of all fatal crashes and 500,000 injuries are alcohol-related.
- 1 alcohol-related fatality every 31 minutes
- 1 alcohol-related injury every 2 minutes (NHTSA, 2006)
- Drugs other than alcohol are involved in 18% of motor-vehicle-related driver deaths. These other drugs are generally used in combination with alcohol. (Jones et al 2003)
- 25% of occupational fatalities are motor-vehicle related (DOL-BLS, 2005)
Alcohol impaired driving contributes to:
- 40% of crashes involving serious injury
- 30% of crashes involving minor injury
- 10 to 15% of minor crashes
Most drinking and driving episodes are undetected
- 159 million self-reported episodes of drunk driving each year
- 1.4 million arrests for DUI (driving under the influence)
- An arrest rate of 1 for every 135 licensed drivers
- 1 arrest occurs for every 772 drunk driving incidents (Quinlan et al. 2005)
Cost of alcohol-related crashes
- Alcohol accounts for about 22% of all costs associated with all motor vehicle crashes. (Blincoe et al. 2000)
- 15% of total costs to employers for all crashes are due to alcohol-related crashes by employees or their benefit eligible dependents
- Two-thirds of these crashes occur off-the-job
Drunk driving can be a symptom of a larger problem, alcohol misuse
- As many as one-third of impaired drivers have a previous DUI conviction.
- More than 50% of people arrested for DUI have serious drinking problems
- 16-29 year olds arrested for DUI are 4 times as likely to die in a future crash involving alcohol
- Drivers 30 years and older arrested for DUI are more than 11 times as likely to die in future alcohol-related crashes
The business case for addressing alcohol impaired driving in the workplace
- The vast majority of the 14 million Americans with alcohol problems are between 18 and 49 years old and are employed full-time.
- Light and moderate alcohol users cause 60% of alcohol-related problems. Dependent drinkers cause 40%.
- Employees who drink in ways that endanger safety and well-being—spend four times as many days in the hospital as the national
average, mostly as the result of alcohol-related crashes.
- Employers can reap productivity gains and savings from a reduction in alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. A University of Wisconsin study found problem drinkers that did not receive brief interventions had more traffic fatalities, 55% more crashes with nonfatal injuries and 46% more arrests.
- Employers are in a potentially unique position to change the way alcohol problems are addressed.